Know The Difference Between CBD and THC
CBD and THC are two of the best known cannabinoids found in cannabis plants, but they serve
very different functions.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, the cannabinoid that modulates a wide range of receptors involved
in the endocannabinoid system. The molecule is considered safe and highly medicinal since it has
virtually no psychoactive or addictive effects, but it still plays a role in 60+ molecular pathways in
our bodies. Some of these operations even work to counteract the mild to severe psychosis
symptoms that can come from THC. Recent studies have also illustrated how CBD is a potential
treatment for addicts who are susceptible to relapse.
Common uses for CBD:
Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is the cannabinoid that usually comes to mind when people think
of cannabis, because it’s the molecule responsible for the psychoactive effects related to the
classic “high.” It works by binding directly to CB1 cannabinoid receptors concentrated in the
brain and central nervous system to stimulate responses throughout the body.
Common uses for THC:
• Euphoria and relaxation
• Sleep aid
• Appetite stimulant
• Muscle relaxant
Different cannabis strains contain a range of these two key cannabinoids. Certain strains may
contain a larger dose of THC, while others contain a much higher concentration of CBD.
Obviously, users who prefer to feel the “high” are more likely to try THC dominant strains,
while users who prefer not to will probably stick to CBD dominant strains in order to solely
enjoy the medicinal benefits of cannabis. Strains that have less than 0.3% THC with an
abundance of CBD are officially categorized as hemp.
…Between CBD Oil and CBD Hemp Oil
Does it surprise you to know that CBD oil and CBD hemp oil are technically not the same?
While they are equally good at helping to treat a laundry list of different medical conditions,
they come from entirely separate varieties of the Cannabis Sativa L plant. Since they’re still the
same species, a majority of hereditary, genetic traits are shared. One critical distinction is their
gender: hemp is male, marijuana is female, and both are yielded from the same “mother”
cannabis plant, according to the United States Department Of Agriculture.
It helps to clarify that, in order to make CBD oil in the first place, the CBD molecule is isolated
from the other components of the cannabis plant to create the desired extract, providing the
myriad health benefits without facing any mind-bending side effects from THC. This method is
upheld and remains true, across the board, even as the market floods with more types of CBD
oils than you can imagine.
Alternatively, hemp, the brother side of the Cannabis Sativa L plant, produces significantly low
amounts of THC, no more than 0.3% under state- and nation-wide regulations, but high
concentrations of CBD are still present. CBD hemp oil is typically extracted from the seeds of
the hemp plant using a cold-press process. If extracted properly, the oil will retain the integrity
of the CBD content found in the plant. Industrial/Agricultural hemp is especially grown for its
stalk and seed, harvested for a host of other purposes, including food-grade cooking oil, clothing,
stationary, and hygiene products.
While certain groups assert that CBD Hemp oil is less effective than CBD oil, that is debatable,
at best, and completely false if you observe these “different” molecules under a microscope.
When CBD interacts with our endocannabinoid system, the same cascade of psycho-somatic
responses occur. In other words, our human biology can’t tell the difference. As long as the
extraction you’re using is delivering a genuine CBD molecule, it doesn’t matter how or where
you get it.
The chief concern regarding the source of CBD is tied to our legal system’s relationship with
marijuana-derived CBD. These particular CBD oils are only permitted in states that have passed
medical cannabis and/or recreational cannabis laws. Medical card holders can legally access CBD
products with different CBD/THC ratios, while folks who live in restricted states can only
obtain CBD hemp-derived oil. If you are planning on giving CBD oil products a try, then it’s
imperative to understand your state’s laws beforehand, as some governments specify that CBD
oil can only be used to treat severe medical conditions where the published research is
abundantly clear, such as epilepsy.
…Between Full Spectrum CBD Oil and CBD Isolate
These days, CBD oil is manufactured in one of two forms: full spectrum and isolate. CBD isolate,
which consists of more than 99% CBD, was always considered the optimum choice. Indeed, the
more pure your CBD products are, the more certain you can be that you are just experiencing
the positive health benefits of the single molecule.
Full Spectrum, on the other hand, generally refers to CBD oil products that also contains every
terpene and cannabinoid found in that specific cannabis plant, such as CBG, CBN and even some
THC, along with the CBD. These are often cultivated in ratios that were naturally occurring and
extracted from the plant’s specific strain. The interactions between these molecules enable
potential benefits that can address a wide variety of ailments, both on their own and in
conjunction with one another.
Even though CBD is still the only molecule giving users the medicinal experience, scientists have
begun to claim that it isn’t as effective when administered by itself. A pioneer of Cannabis
Research, Dr. Raphael Mechoulaman, argues that an “Entourage Effect” exists, meaning that CBD
may be more effective when it is accompanied by a wider variety of cannabinoids.
It makes sense that the cannabinoid molecules need each other to perform their best, as natural
selection designed them this particular way for a reason. This synergy of mingling cannabinoids
has been observed to heighten the desired effects of cannabidiol. As a result of these
observations, researchers believe that a single, highly concentrated, cannabinoid molecule is not
as useful or safe when it enters the body unsupported, no matter which one it is.
The winner of this debate is still highly contested, and it may take some personal experimenting
to find out which version works best for you. However, choosing between Full Spectrum CBD
oil or CBD Isolate can be more than a matter of preference, but perhaps also a matter of
getting, or keeping, a job. An important feature of full spectrum CBD is that it contains trace
amounts of THC, so using it over an extended period of time could cause you to fail a drug test
(even though you never get high). Make sure to keep this in mind when choosing CBD oil
products, especially if you plan on using it for the long-term and also work under a conservative
…Between Legal and Illegal Cannabis
Many of us are still caught up in the confusion around which “weed” is okay to sell, buy, and use
across the United States. So, to put it simply,…
The legality of Cannabis depends on where you are, what level of THC is involved, what type of
plant it’s been sourced from, and what your reasons are for wanting it.
Cannabis laws are evolving at different rates in different places all over the country, down to the
humblest municipalities, even though as a Schedule I controlled substance, it is still an illicit drug
according to the federal government.
During the Barack Obama Administration, the government eased enforcement of federal
marijuana laws in states that had permitted cannabis use, as long as they practiced and
exemplified strict guidelines of their own.
As of May 2018, nine states, plus the District of Columbia, have legalized weed for both medical
and recreational use, mostly through the passing of voter referendums. Vermont is the only state
out of these to sanction recreational cannabis through legislation.
States/Districts where cannabis is legal for medical AND recreational use:
10. Washington D.C.
While Colorado and Washington are demonstrating how the right infrastructure can support a
booming industry capable of generating billions of dollars in tax revenue, some states still
haven’t received the green light to set up a market for purchasing marijuana. For example, in
Washington D.C. you can possess, gift, and use marijuana, but it’s still against the law to buy or
At the same time, another twenty states have legalized or at least decriminalized marijuana for
medical use. Then there are seventeen more that have allowed the use of “low THC, high CBD”
products for limited medical reasons or for legal defense purposes.
States where medical marijuana is OKAY:
12. New Hampshire
13. New Jersey
14. New Mexico
15. New York
16. North Dakota
19. Rhode Island
20. West Virginia
States where access is limited to High CBD/Low THC only:
9. North Carolina
11. South Carolina
States where Cannabis is still prohibited:
4. South Dakota
In the midst of these fluctuating legal battles, at least we can be confident that the political and
ideological tides are changing, with 92% of the country taking meaningful steps toward
embracing Cannabis for its medicinal applications. Even if you reside in a state that has
prohibited the use or sale of Cannabis products, you can defend your case if you stick to
Industrial/Agricultural Hemp, which is legal under Federal Law. There are a few CBD distributors
that only sell 100% Pure Hemp-derived CBD oil, with absolutely no trace of THC. Check out
https://www.freshfarmscbd.com/ to see a selection of high-quality Hemp-derived CBD products,
ready to use anywhere in the United States.